1. Third-party monitoring
We provide independent verification and monitoring services to funders. In doing so, we assess the monitoring systems used by programme implementers, to ensure they track and report accurately on their progress. We triangulate reported achievements with independent primary data collection, using both quantitative and qualitative methods as well as beneficiaries’ feedback, where appropriate. We adopt flexible methodologies that allow for in-depth assessments of high-risk areas identified through routine verification work or to respond to specific programme contexts. We feed our findings back to funders and implementers to improve performance and outcomes.
2. Programme evaluations
We carry out in-depth evaluations and learning exercises of health programmes which vary in scope, size and sector. We conduct independent and participatory evaluative exercises for projects ranging from single disease interventions implemented by one agency in a sub-set of regions or districts, to integrated, multi-thematic area interventions implemented by a consortium of partners across 10 countries. Beyond health, our work has taken us to evaluate projects or aspects of programmes in areas such as disability-focused development, social inclusion and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).
We apply the same rigorous evaluation design to all projects, starting from the development of an evaluation framework, including data collection and interpretation, and culminating in results dissemination. We develop clear evaluation questions, review available data and existing information systems to identify information gaps, and recommend. We collect, collate, analyse and triangulate data to evaluate programme outcomes and impact. We can also conduct impact modelling. We also provide value-for-money assessments and advise on value-for-money strategies.
Evaluations and learning exercises are designed based on the client’s needs and on a thorough cost-effectiveness and risk analysis. Designs may include participatory approaches, quasi-experimental designs, before-after comparisons with or without counterfactuals, as well as and a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods, depending on the objectives of the exercise.
3. Programme reviews and learning exercises
We conduct reviews of health and related programmes to inform programme strategy, scale up, funding decisions, strengthen MEL systems, learning or for other purposes. Our approach to programme reviews is similar to that of evaluations, with a focus on efficiency and timeliness to inform decision-making for adaptive programming.
While tailored to each project, our reviews and learning exercises often include a mix of secondary data analysis, including a comprehensive examination of programme documentation, programme data and published literature, and primary data collection and analysis, including key informant interviews, focus group discussions, surveys and learning events. We incorporate participatory approaches where appropriate.